Knitting Abbreviations and Knitting chart Symbols


Before you start the first project is find a comfortable and quiet place to knit. We shouldn't be too worried. The beginning of learning how to knit is very difficult for those who have never held knitting needles but everything will be all right. It is important to remember not to hurry.

Here are some commonly used abbreviations.

alt
alternate
approx
approximately
beg
begin[ning]
blocking
Information about blocking can be found here and here.
cab
cable
CC
contrasting color
cn
cable needle
CO
cast on
cont
continue[ing]
dec
decrease[ing]
dpn
double pointed needles[s]
Foll
follow[s][ing]
g
grams
i-cord
When working I-cord, work is not turned. Instead of turning the work around to work back on the WS, slide all sts to the other end of the needle, switch the needle back to your left hand, bring the yarn around the back of the work, and start knitting the sts again. After the first 2 sts, give the yarn a sharp tug.
Repeat this row to form I-cord. After a few rows, the work will begin to form a
inc
increase[ing]
incl
including
inst
instructions
k
knit
k tbl
knit through back of loop
k2tog
knit two together
kfb               
knit into front and back of stitch
m                
meter[s]
MB
make bobble
MC
main color
m1
Make 1 stitch: Insert left needle, from front to back, under strand of yarn which runs between last stitch on left needle and first stitch on right needle; knit this stitch through back loop.
1 stitch increased.
mm
millimeters
mult            
Multiple
opp
opposite
oz
ounces
p
purl
p2tog
purl two together
pfb
purl into front and back of stitch
pm
place marker
psso
pass slipped stitch[es] over
Rem
Remaining
Rep
repeat
rev St st
reverse stockinette stitch
RS
right side[s]
rnd[s]
round[s]
Sc
Single crochet
SK2P
slip 1 stitch, knit two together, pass slipped stitch over
SSK
slip 2 stitches as if to knit, then knit those 2 stitches together
SSP
slip 2 stitches as if to purl, then purl those 2 stitches together
sl
Slip
slp
slip one as if to purl
sl st
slip stitch
st[s]
stitch[es]
St st
stockinette stitch
tbl
through back of loop[s]
tog
together
WS
wrong side[s]
w&t
Wrap and turn. Bring yarn to front of work between needles, slip next st to right-hand needle, bring yarn around this st to back of work, slip st back to left-hand needle, turn work to begin working back in the other direction.
YO
yarn over
* *
repeat directions between ** as many times as indicated


Below is a list of the knitting chart symbols used in Japanese patterns:


Symbols
Abbs
Description
1
k
knit one
2
k1
knit 1 stitch
3
k1b
knit in back loop of the stitch, resulting in a twisted stitch
4
p
purl one
5
p1
purl 1 stitch
6
p1-b
purl in the back loop, resulting in a twisted stitch
7
sl 1 wyib
slip a stitch with yarn held in back
8
SKPO
Slip, Knit, Pass Over.
knit two together so that the result slants to the left, (i.e., ssk)
9
k2-tog
 Illustrated pictures
knit two together so that result slants to the right
10
p2-tog
purl two together so that the result slants to the right
11
p2-tog
Illustrated  pictures
Close SKPO but purling version
purl two together so that the stitches slat to the left
12
k3-tog
Illustrated  pictures
slip 1 stitch to right needle; k2-tog; then pass the slipped stitch over the k2-tog
13
k3-tog
Illustrated pictures
knit 3 together
14
k3-tog
Illustrated pictures
skip first stitch; insert needle into second stitch as if to knit; then insert needle through first stitch as if to knit (but don’t' actually knit them; you are just arranging them as crossed loops). Transfer the two, crossed loops off the left needle to the right needle. Knit the next stitch on the left needle. Pass the two crossed, slipped loops back to the left over the knit stitch and off the needle.
15
p3-tog
skip next purl stitch; insert needle from back into the next two stitches on the right needle; then slip the two stitches back onto the left needle; then purl the 3 stitch together
16
p3-tog
purl three together
17
p3-tog
transpose the order of the second and third stitch on the right needle; then purl the three stitches together
18
k4-tog
knit 4 stitches together
19
k4-tog
slip next 3 stitches to right needle; knit the next stitch on the left needle; then one by one pass the first three stitches over the knit stitch
20
k5-tog
knit 5 stltches together
21
k5-tog
slip next 4 stitches to right needle; knit next stitch on left needle; one at a time pass each of the first four stitches over the knit stitch
22
inc R
Knit (from front) into the stitch in the row below the next stitch on left-hand needle; then knit the stitch on left-hand needle in the usual way.
23
inc L
Knit (from front) into the stitch in the row below the next stitch on left-hand needle; then knit the stitch on left-hand needle in the usual way.
24
M1
Illustrated pictures insert needle in stitch 1 row below next stitch and knit; then knit the next stitch on the left needle. The resulting increase should slant slightly to the left
25
M1
Illustrated pictures  knit next stitch then knit into the stitch 1 row below the stitch just knitted. The resulting increase   should slant slightly to the right.
26
M1
Illustrated pictures insert needle into purl stitch 1 row below next stitch and purl ; then purl the next stitch on the   left needle
27
M1
Illustrated pictures purl the next stitch then purl into the stitch one row below the stitch just worked. The resulting   increase should slant slightly to the left
28
k4-tog
knit 4 stitches together
29
k4-tog
slip next 3 stitches to right needle; knit the next stitch on the left needle; then one by one pass the first three stitches over the knit stitch
30
YO
31
YO
yarn over from back to front
32
(k1, yo, k1)
(k1, yo, k1) in next stitch to make 3 stitches in 1
33
I3
make three stitches from one stitch (k1 p1, k1) in same stitch
34
(k1, p1, k1)
(k1, p1, k1) in next stitch to make 3 stitches in 1
35
(p1, yo, p1)
(p1, yo, p1) in next stitch to make 3 stitches in 1
36
(k1, yo, k1, yo, k1)
(k1, yo, k1, yo, k1) in next stitch to make 5 stitches in 1
37
(k1, p1, k1, p1)
(k1, p1, k1, p1) in next stitch to make 4 stitches in 1
38
cluster
(k1, p1, k1) in next loop; slip the three stitches just made back to the left needle; k3-tog the three stitches just made
39
cluster
knit 3 stitches together and leave on right needle; p1-b the same three stitches; then knit the same three stitches again
40
Tuck stitch
Pick up the loop of the stitch in the row below together with the stitch in the current row.
41
Twist tuck stitch
Pick up and twist the loop of the stitch in the row below together with the stitch in the current row.
42
LT-b
Left cross working through back loop of the stitch
43
RT-b
Right cross working through the back loop to
44
Pass right through left
45
Pass left through right
46
needle-skipping